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Knowledge briefs

The transformative potential of managed retreat in the face of rising sea levels

The effects of climate change – such as sea-level rise – are likely to provoke unprecedented movement of people over the coming decades. It is estimated that between 350 and 630 million people will be affected by sea-level rise over the next 80 years, and many of these people may relocate in search of safety, […]

Finding common ground in transformative sustainability narratives

It is widely acknowledged that global economic growth over the past half century, underpinned by a neoliberal capitalist discourse, has come at the cost of overexploitation of the world’s resources, severe ecological degradation and growing inequalities. Efforts to move rapidly towards a more environmentally sustainable and socially just future will depend on the emergence of […]

Three ways of understanding social transformations to sustainability

The enormity, complexity and urgency of the global targets enshrined in the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are widely acknowledged. However, even with calls for transformations to sustainability resounding around the globe, it is often not clear what should be transformed, by and for whom, and how. There are considerable gaps in […]

Promoting Indigenous knowledge and values for more sustainable water resource management

The beliefs and values of Indigenous peoples can provide important insights into human relationships with nature. Indigenous worldviews can offer alternative solutions to restoring degraded ecosystems and suggest new frameworks for building a more sustainable, holistic and equitable approach to the management of natural resources. However, Indigenous knowledge and beliefs have, until recently, been largely ignored […]

Green Microfinance: pitfalls, potential and pathways to transformation

The aim of Green Microfinance – as with microfinance – is to help financially excluded people, primarily in the Global South, to manage and reduce the insecurity of their income, including by empowering them to set up profitable micro-enterprises. Green Microfinance includes an additional focus, however: that of addressing environmental concerns while maintaining positive financial […]

Frameworks for understanding transformations to sustainability – the ‘Multi-Level Perspective’ in socio-technical transitions research

Addressing persistent and worsening global environmental problems, such as climate change, biodiversity loss and resource depletion, will require socio-technical systems such as energy, transport and housing to undergo fundamental change, and, in some cases, total transformation. This T2S knowledge brief presents the ‘Multi-level perspective’, which is a research approach to understanding how such changes might […]

The political challenge of achieving transformations to 1.5ºC – the role of social justice

Limiting global warming and preventing irreversible climate change will depend on transforming our societies, and there is an urgent need to make social transformation more politically feasible. This Knowledge Brief assesses the role of social justice as an organizing principle to enhance the political feasibility of a dramatic decarbonization trajectory. It is based on the […]

Ten essentials for research that responds to the climate challenge

To accelerate the kinds of learning needed to respond to the climate challenge and advance transformations to sustainability, transformations will also be needed in the way in which knowledge is produced and used. This T2S knowledge brief examines ten essentials for research that responds to the climate challenge. It is based on the synthesis paper by […]